Friday, December 7, 2012

Muslim Explorers First Stepped on American Rather than Columbus

Figure Illustration: Indian tribe 
in the Americas.
Christopher Columbus called America 'The New World' when I first set foot on the continent on October 21, 1492.

However, for Muslims in the golden era, America is not a 'New World'. Therefore, 603 years before Spanish explorers discovered the continent, the explorers Muslims from West Africa have built a civilization in America.

Claims of Western history that claimed Columbus as the discoverer of the Americas finally broken. A series of historians found that Muslim explorers have set foot and spreading Islam in the subcontinent more than half a millennium before Columbus.

Historically Muslims have contributed to the science, art, and the humanities in the Americas.

'' No doubt, Muslims have historically been an influence in the evolution of American society a few centuries before Christopher Columbus discovered it,'' said Fareed H Numan in the American Muslim History A Chronological Observation. History records the Muslims of Africa have established relationships with the natives of the Americas, long before Columbus arrived.

If you visit Washington DC, come to the Library of Congress (Library of Congress). Then, ask the U.S. government archives treaty with the Cherokee, one of the Indians, in 1787. There will be found a signature Cherokee Chief at the time, named AbdeKhak and Muhammad Ibn Abdullah.

The contents of the agreement include the right of the Cherokee to establish a presence in trade, shipping, and Cherokee tribal form of government which was then under Islamic law.

Furthermore, you will find custom dress that covers the Cherokee tribe genitalia while the male wearing a turban (turban) and the canal up to the knees.

This dress code can be found in the photo or painting cherokee tribe who were photographed before the year 1832. Cherokee chiefs last before completely extinct from the mainland United States is a Muslim named Ibn Wati Ramadan.

Speaking of the Cherokee tribe, can not escape from Sequoyah. He is a native tribe cherokee educated and Syllabary revive their interest in 1821. Syllabary is a kind of script. If we now know the alphabet A to Z, the Cherokee tribe has its own alphabet.

What makes it remarkable is the character revived by Sequoyah is very similar to the Arabic alphabet. In fact, some of the people writing the 7th century cherokee found carved on rocks in Nevada are very similar to the word "Muhammad" in Arabic.

The names of Indian tribes and tribal chief from Arabic not only found in the Cherokee (Shar-kee), but also the Anasazi, Apache, Arawak, Arikana, Chavin Cree, Makkah, Hohokam, Hupa, Hopi, Mahigan, Mohawk, Nazca, Zulu, and Zuni.

In fact, some Indian chiefs also wore a distinctive head tutp Muslims. They are Chief Chippewa, Creek, Iowa, Kansas, Miami, Potawatomi, Sauk, Fox, Seminole, Shawnee, Sioux, Winnebago, and Yuchi. This is shown in the photographs in 1835 and 1870.

In general, Indian tribes in America believe in the Lord of the universe. God is not felt by the five senses. They also believed that the main task of human being created by God is to worship and adore Him.

As a Chief Ohiyesa narrative: "In the life of the Indians, there was only inevitable duty-the duty of prayer-the daily recognition of the Unseen and the Eternal". Is not the Qur'an also reported that the purpose of creation of man and jinn solely to worship God

How can it Cheeroke Indian chief Muslim?

Its history is long, the spirit of Islam and the Chinese people at that time to know more about the planet (of course at that time the planet has not heard the name) where he lived but to expand influence, seeking new trade routes and of course expand the message of Islam encourage some brave of them to across the area is still considered illegal in their maps at that time.

Some famous names remained so until now almost everyone has heard call it Tjeng Ho and Ibn Batutta, but some are barely audible and only recorded on academic books.

The geographer and intellectual Muslims who noted that a trip to America was Abul Hassan Ali Ibn Al-Hussain Al-Masudi (died 957), Al-Idrisi (died 1166), Chihab Addin Abul Abbas Ahmad ibn Fadl Al-Umari (1300 - 1384) and Ibn Battuta (died 1369).

According to the historians and Muslim geographer Al Masudi (871-957), Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad, a Muslim navigator of Cordoba in Andalusia, had come to America in the year 889 AD.

In his book, 'Muruj Adh-dhahab Maadin wa al-Jawhar' (The Meadows of Gold and Quarries of Jewels), Al Masudi reported that during the reign of Caliph of Spain Abdullah Ibn Muhammad (888-912), Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad sailed from Delba (Palos) in 889, across the Atlantic, reaching unfamiliar territory called Ard Majhoola, and then returned with an amazing variety of treasures.

After that many cruises are done visiting the mainland across the Atlantic, it was dark and foggy. Al-Masudi also wrote the book 'Akhbar Az Zaman' containing historical materials from traders odyssey to Africa and Asia.

Dr. Youssef Mroueh also wrote that during the reign of Caliph Abdul Rahman III (929-961 years) of the Umayyad dynasty, recorded the existence of Muslims from Africa who also sailed from the port of Delba (Palos) in Spain to the west towards the ocean off a dark and foggy , the Atlantic Ocean. They managed to come back with a value goods obtained from a foreign land.

He also wrote notes historian Abu Bakr Ibn Umar Al-Gutiyya that during the reign of Caliph of Spain, Hisham II (976-1009) a navigator Ibn Farrukh of Granada called Kadesh recorded leaving the port in February of 999 across the Atlantic and landed in Gando (Canary maritime).

Ibn Farrukh visit to King Guanariga and then continue to the west to see the two islands and named Capraria and Pluitana. Ibn Farrukh returned to Spain in May 999.

Perlayaran across the Atlantic from Morocco noted also by sea explorers Shaikh Zayn-Eddin Ali bin Fadhel Al-Mazandarani. His ship was innocent of Tarfay in Morocco at the time of Sultan Abu-Yacoub Sidi Youssef (1286 - 1307) in the sixth king of the dynasty Marinid.

His ship landed on Green Island in the Caribbean Sea in the year 1291. According to Dr. Morueh, travel records are widely used as a reference by Islamic scholars.

Sultans of Mali in west African kingdom that had its capital in Timbuktu, was also traveling alone to the American continent. Chihab historian Abul-Abbas Ahmad Addin bin Fadl Al-Umari (1300 - 1384) detailing the exploration geography carefully.

Timbuktu is now forgotten, formerly a center of civilization, libraries and scientific progress in Africa. Land and sea expeditions made ​​many people toward Timbuktu or originated from Timbuktu.

Sultan noted wandered up to the continent when it was Sultan Abu Bakari I (1285 - 1312), brother of Sultan Mansa Kankan Musa (1312 - 1337), who has made ​​two expeditions across the Atlantic Ocean to the United States and even down the river Mississippi.

Sultan Abu Bakari I do exploration in Central America and the north along the Mississippi River between the years 1309-1312. The explorer is Arabic.

Two centuries later, the discovery of America enshrined in Piri Re'isi colored maps made ​​in 1513, and dedicated to the king of the Ottoman Sultan Selim I in 1517. This map shows the western hemisphere, South America and even Antarctica, with the description of coastal Brazil is quite accurate.

The influence of Islam on the American continent
 
Every now and then you try to open a map of America. Examine the name of the places in the land of Uncle Sam. As a Muslim, you must be made surprised. Why? Apparently so many names of places and cities which use words derived from the root and Muslims, namely Arabic.

Do not believe? Try the Los Angeles area. In that area there are apparently the names are derived from the influence of Islam. You name it, there are areas called the Alhambra. Is not Alhambra palace built is the name of the Islamic civilization in Cordoba?

There was also the name of the bay called El Morro and Alamitos. Not only that, there is also a place name such as Andalusia, Attilla, Alla, Aladdin, Albany, Alcazar, Alameda, Alomar, Almansor, Almar, Alva, Amber, Azure, and La Habra.

After that, let's shift to the center of America. Starting from the south to Illinois also contained the names of the nuances of Islamic cities such as Albany, Andalusia, Attalla, Lebanon, and Tullahoma. In fact, in the state of Washington there is the name of the city of Salem.

Islamic influence in the naming of places or areas in the United States is also very thick felt on the naming of the Caribbean (derived from the Arabic). In Central America, for example, there is the name of the region of Jamaica and Cuba. The question arises, whether the name of Cuba began and is rooted in the word Quba - the first mosque was built Prophet Masjid Quba. State of the city of La Habana Cuba thousand (Havana).

In America there was also a list of names which were rooted in Islamic civilization as the island of Grenada, Barbados, the Bahamas, and Nassau. In South America there are cities name Cordoba (in Argentina), Alcantara (in Brazil), Bahia (Brazil and Argentina). There is also a mountain Absarooka located on the west coast.

According to Dr A Zahoor, such as the name of the state of Alabama comes from the word of God Bamya. While Arkansas comes from the Arkan-Sah. While Tennesse Tanasuh word. In addition, there is also a place name in the United States that use the names of the holy city of Islam, such as Mecca in Indiana, Medina in Idaho, Medina in New York, Medina and Hazen in North Dakota, Medina in Ohio, Medina in Tennessee, Medina, and Texas. That helped color the Islamic civilization in the Americas.

Facts existence of Islam in America

In 999 AD: Muslim historian Abu Bakr Ibn Umar Al-Guttiya recounts in Moorish Spain during the reign of Caliph named Hisham II (976 AD -1009 AD), a Muslim navigator Ibn Farrukh named had sailed from Kadesh in February 999 AD to the Atlantic. He anchored in Gando or the Canary Islands Kingdom. Ibn Farrukh visited King Guanariga. The Muslim explorers gave the name of the two islands and Pluitana Capraria. Ibn Farrukh returned to Spain in May 999 AD

Year 1178 AD: A Chinese document named Document Sung noted Muslim sailors traveling to an area called Mu-Lan-Pi (America). Year 1310 M: Abu Bakari a Muslim king of the Malian Empire perform a series of traveling to a new country. In 1312 AD: A Muslim from Africa (Mandiga) arrived in the Gulf of Mexico to explore Americans use the Mississippi River as a main line journey.

In 1530 M: Slaves from Africa arrived in the Americas. During the days of slavery more than 10 million Africans were sold to Americans. Most slaves came from Fulas, Fula Jallon, Fula Toro, and Massiona - West Asia region. 30 percent of the number of slaves from Africa were Muslims.

In 1539 M: Estevanico of Azamor, a Muslim from Morocco, lands in Florida soil. No fewer than two states of Arizona and New Mexico that is owed ​​to the Muslim of Moroccan. In 1732 M: Ayyub ibn Sulaiman Jallon, a Muslim slave in Maryland, was released by James Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia. In 1790 M: Nation Moor of Spain is reported to have lived in South Carolina and Florida.

Sequoyah, also known as George Gist Other evidence is that Columbus himself knowing that people Carib (Caribbean) is a follower of the Prophet Muhammad. He understood that the Muslims have been there, especially people from the West Coast of Africa.

They inhabit the Caribbean, North and South America. But unlike Columbus who want to dominate and enslave the American people. The Muslims came to trade and even some married native people.

Historian Ivan Van Sertima in They Came Before Columbus works to prove the existence of contacts between African Muslims with the Native Americans. In his other works, African Presence in Early America, Van Sertima, found that Muslim traders from Arabia was also very active trade with the people living in the United States.

Van Sertima also said that, when set foot in the Americas, Columbus also expressed his admiration for the Caribbean people who are Muslim. "Columbus was also the year that the Muslims of the West coast of Africa have lived first in the Caribbean, Central America, South America, and North America," said Van Sertima. Muslims who initially trade has built communities in the region to marry natives.

According to Van Sertima, Columbus had claimed to see a mosque while sailing through Gibara in Cuba Beach. In addition, the Spaniard explorers have also witnessed the mosque stands majestically in Cuba, Mexico, Texas, and Nevada. That is the proof that Islam has been seeding civilization in the Americas long before the West arrived.

Columbus further admitted on October 21, 1492 in Gibara and Coastal voyage between Cuba saw a mosque (standing on a hill with wonderful writings by other sources). To date the remains of the ruins of the mosque have been found in Cuba, Mexico, Texas and Nevada.

And do you know? 2 people ship captain who led by captain Columbus Pinta and Nina are the Muslims are brothers Martin Alonso Pinzon and Vicente Pinzon Yanex still Abuzayan family of the Sultan of Morocco Muhammad III (1362). [Thacher, JOHN BOYD: Christopher Columbus, New York 1950].


(various source)

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